Localised swelling in the macular region of retina is called Macular Edema.

It can be a sign or happen due to many intraocular and systemic diseases.

Macula can easily become edematous due to its anatomical position. More fluid is produced in this region and very meagre amount is absorbed as there is central avascular area.

CAUSES:
• DIABETES
• RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION
• COAT DISEASE
• RETINAL ARTERY MACROANEURYSMS
• RADIATION RETINOPATHY
• HYPERTENSIVE RETINOPATHY
• IRVINE GASS SYNDROME
• INFLAMMATORY DISORDERS
• NON-ARTERIC ANTERIOR ISCHEMIC OPTIC NEUROPATHY
• EDEMA AFTER PANRETINAL PHOTOCOAGULATION.
• DRUG INDUCED MACULAR EDEMA
• CHOROIDAL TUMOURS
• RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA.

EPIDEMIOLOGY:
It’s the main cause for vision loss.
It is more common in people with diabetes. it can vary anywhere from 5-12% amount people suffering from diabetes.

Symptoms:
• Vision loss.
• Metamorphopsia.

Investigations:
• Fundus fluorescein angiography.
• Optical coherence tomography (oct).
• Radiation retinopathy.

Treatment:

Conventional treatments are many and each has its own success rate and complications. We at artofhomeo.com have time tested and zero side effect treatment by homeopathy doctors which helps to give the desired results.

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