Renal calculi, also known as urolithiasis is a systemic disorder in which there is formation of stones in the kidney.
Renal calculi effects 5% of the population. There is a lifetime risk of passing a renal stone in 8 to 10% of the population. Increased incidence of kidney stones in the developed world is associated with increased standard of living. Seasonal variations are also seen with high urinary calcium oxalate saturation seen in summer in men and early winter in women. Men are more affected with renal calculi then women. The peak age for men is 30 years and for females it is bimodal age distribution at 35 and 55 years of age. Once a kidney stone forms, the probability that a second stone forms in 5 to 7 years is around 50%.
Reasons and Causes:
- Dietary factors (inc. meat, sodium, sucrose & fructose composition).
- Increased intake of supplemental calcium, Vitamin C
- Reduced urine output (decreased water consumption)
- Hot and humid climate
- Comorbidities (Diabetes, Obesity, Crohns Disease/IBD, hyperparathyroidism)
- Weight gain
Kidney stones are broadly classified into calcareous[calcium containing] stones which are radio opaque, and non – calcareous stones. Recent evidence indicates that formation of kidney stone is due to nanobacterial disease akin to helicobacter pylori infection in the peptic ulcer disease. Nanobacteria[present in 97% of kidney stones] are small intracellular bacteria which form calcium phosphate shells, further crystallisation and growth of stone is influenced by endogenous and dietary factors. Urine volume, solute concentration and the ratio of stone inhibitors like citrate,pyrophosphate and urinary glycoproteins are important factors which influence stone formation.
- Risk factors for kidney stones:
- Family history increases the chances by 3 times
- Insulin resistance
- Primary hyperparathyroidism
- Chronic metabolic acidosis
- Surgical menopause.
- Anatomical abnormalities.
- Drugs like ephedrine,triameterene, indinavir etc.
- Pain, loin to groin type.
- Blood in urine
- Painful urination
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fever and chills.
Investigations should include ultrasound sonography and complete urine examination.
- drinking of 2-3 lit of water per day.
- avoiding animal proteins.
- reduced salt intake
- normal calcium intake
- avoid spinach, rhubarb,chocolate and nuts
- In allopathy the kidney stones are managed with medicine and surgery[about 10 to 20% require surgical treatment to remove stone]. Inspite of going through all the process of surgery and spending huge money on hospital bills, there is nothing which can address the root cause.
- In our KIDNEY STONE TREATMENT we address the root cause. With our Pain Free Zero Side Effect Treatment we not only remove the stones but also give that kind of treatment which gradually reduces the tendency of stone formation.
- There are no pre and post treatment precautions in our KIDNEY STONE TREATMENT.
- The KIDNEY STONE TREATMENT given by us is very cost effective. The patients are advised to go for investigations from time to time. The treatment duration can vary from patient to patient, from minimum time of 6 months to 1 year.